YADAVA MOVEMENT IN TAMILNADU
The Yadavas of Tamilnadu were originally referred as ‘ARYAS’ in Tamil literature but locally called as ‘Idayans’. Even in the government records the community name was referred as ‘Idayans. Up to the Census 1921, the community name was noted as ‘Idayan’. The Tamil speaking Yadavas were referred as Idayans and the Telugu speaking Yadavas were referred as ‘Gollas’ and as Vaduga Aayars. The name of the community was notified as ‘Yadavas’ in government records as per the Government of Madras G.O.No.5240 Law (General) dt.13th December 1930. In the G. O. it was said that the term ‘Yadava’ shall in future be adopted in place of Golla, Idayan, Gola, Gopi or Goda in all official announcement. Accordingly in the Census 1931 the name of the community was noted as Yadava instead of Idayan. This is the last caste wise census enumerated.
Accordingly the population of Yadavas as per 1931 census is as follows:
This figure also cannot be taken as correct because of these facts:
As per the two illustrations noted above it may be said the population of Yadavas as shown in 1931 census was much less figure than it should be. But as per the modest estimate the population of Yadavas as on 1999 may be one crore. It may not be an exaggerated figure but you cannot identify Yadavas from the cast name they are putting after their names. They put the name of the community after their name as follows:
The only caste name KONE only denotes Yadavas. The other last names were being used by other communities also. The caste name KONE will not be used by other communities except Yadavas. Why the peoples were using the other caste names instead of KONE is that at the earlier part of the Twentieth century the Yadavas who have studied and gone to services feel ashamed to put KONE as they feel as inferior community. That is why the adopted other communities name to boost themselves as superior. Due to efflux time and by the influences of Periyar E.V. Ramasamy’s ‘self respected movement’ which advocated eradication of caste as their main objective has got major influence among Yadavas also and they debated to put the name of the caste with their names.
In the mid 20th Century you cannot find the caste name with their original name among the majority of the Backward and Scheduled Caste communities. Because of this you cannot identify their caste name from their original name as is being identified in North India. Yet only from the school and from the land records we can find the caste to which a particular person belongs and not by their original name. It cannot be said on a general term but those who belong to the upper caste and the dominant caste who have got status in society were using their caste name with their original name. But to Yadavas without knowing their glorious heritage felt shy in putting their cast name since they felt that they belong to Cowherd or Shepard Community for there were no status in the society at that time.
Times have changed. A wave from North has come. Arise of two Political leaders belonging to Yadava Community namely Shri Mulayam Singh Yadav and Shri Laloo Prasad Yadav in the political arena gave strength, status and hope among Yadavas of Tamilnadu. Even the uneducated Yadava ladies in the interior villages knew the name of the two leaders and Smt. Rabri Devi, the first women Chief Minister of Bihar. Now they realized that they have got a status and openly declaring that they are Yadavas. Now you can see from the marriage invitation even from the interior villages, you can find that even ladies are now putting Yadav after their names.
Hats off to the political leaders of Yadava Community! Shri Mulayam Sing Yadav, Shri Laloo Prasad Yadav and Smt. Rabri Devi Yadav for their consolidation of the community in Tamilnadu and the new status which they have got in the society.
Though the actual population of the community could not be assessed yet the population will not be less than a crore. To know the actual population the community leaders are requesting the Government of India to enumerate Caste Wise Census in 2001 AD. In Tamilnadu Yadavas are the fourth biggest community the first being ‘Vanniar’, the second being ‘Kongu Vellalars’, and the third being ‘Nadars’.
YADAVA MOVEMENT IN TAMILNADU:
Only by the end of the Nineteenth Century the Yadava Movement came into existence. Their main intention was to construct temples and choultries by their collective contribution and by their willing labour. In that way is Sri. Nadimuthu Samiar (called as Palani Samiar constructed Idayan Madam at Palani the Pilgrimage Centre of Tamilnadu). He is the son of Shri Chellakumaru Kone of Palaghat of Kerala. He trvelled by bullock cart from Palghat to Palani. En-route he collected Yadavas (at that time called as Idayans) at each village and formed Yadava Sabas to help him in constructing Idayan Madam at Palani. By that way he collected many and constructed big choultry called as Idayan Madam at Palani. It was at the end of Nineteenth century. Then he was called as Yadava Madathipathy (the Lead Priest of Yadavas).
After the construction of Idayan Madam was over he proceeded to Madurai and he stayed at Ramayana Chavadi in North Masi Street, Madurai and performing as Lead Priest of Yadavas at Madurai. There was an old Sree Krishna Temple at North Masi Street, Madurai and it was in a dilapidated stage. He collected Yadavas of North Masi Street Madurai who at that time called themselves as Thousand House Yadavas and induced them to contribute money for the reconstruction of Sree Krishna Temple and they also contributed money for that purpose and construction work was started.
The Moola Vigraha of Sree Krishna was removed from the old temple and installed in the new temple by Sri. Nacdimuthu Samiar and on that day itself he attained Samadhi. His mortal remains were laid to rest at Puttuthoppu in Madurai and a temple was erected in that place to remember him. That place is called as Palani Samiar Madam. This is being used by Yadavas for performing the last day ceremony of the deceased in their families. As per the available records Shri Nacdimuth Samiar called as Palani Samiar was the pioneer of Yadavas Movement in the Southern part of Tamilnadu during the later part of Nineteenth Century.
Madras Mayor - Shri M. Radhakrishna Pillai
Deputy Mayor - Shri C. V. Thiruvenkatachalam Pillai
Madurai Mayor - Shri P. Kolandaichamy (1998)
Deputy Mayor - Shri S. Navaneethakumar
Vice Chairman - Parameswaran Pillai
Vice Chairman - Shri Pichaimuthu
District Development Council Chairman – Smt. Chandra (Sivaganga)
District Coop Central Bank Chairman – Shri A.R. Chandrasamy (1999 – 2001)
POSITION OF YADAVAS IN POLITICAL BODIES
At present Shri S. Alagir is one of the General Secretaries of Tamil Maanila Congress and Shri. Balakrishnan is a Senior Member of the Political Affairs Committee.
Shri V. Bhoominathan is one of the GeneralSecretary of the Tamilnadu Congress Committee.
Shri R. Damodaran is the President of Backward Class Cell of Tamilnadu Congress Committee.
Shri K. Marudupandian is the State Presidnet of Samajvadi Party.
MONTHLYJOURNALS & PERIODICALS
PLACE OF PUBLICATIN
The only journal now under publication is “Namadu Yadavam”. It was first edited and published by Prof. V. Kalaimani upto 1998. Now the Tamilnadu Yadava Maha Saba is publishing “Namadu Yadavam” as its official organ. The English versin of Namadu Yadavam is edited by Shri C. J. Ananthakrishnan.
YADAVAS IN CIVIL SERVICES
The first Yadava who was conferred IPS and also served as IG of Tamilnadu Polic, now retired. He is solely responsible for the awakening of Yadavas of southern distrists. He is a demi god to them. He is now the President of Yadava Cultural Academy, Madras.
2. Shri A. Venkataraman IAS (Retired)
The first Yadava who was conferred IAS. Served as Vice Chancellor of Tamilnadu Agricultural University. After retirement he had assigned work in World Bank and now settled at Madras. Presently serving as member of State Planning Commision and also Member of Southern Districts Economical Development Commission.
3. Dr. Shri Rajammal P. Devadoss
Now serving as Chancellor, Avinashilingam Home Sceince Deemed University - Coimbtore. Well known throughout the world for her contribution to Home Science (Since Expired).
4. Dr. Shri A Ramasamy
Presently Vice Chancellor, Dr. Alagappa University, Karaikudi.
5. Shri M.V. Muthuramalingam IRS
The first Yadava who got selected for the civil services. Now serving as Member, Central Board of Direct Taxes, New Delhi (since expired)
6. Shri N. Vasudevan, IAS
Presently serving as Managing Director - TWAD Board.
NORTH INDIAN YADAVAS SERVING IN TAMILNADU
SRI KRISHNA YADAV SEVA SANGAM – COIMBATORE
Coimbarore is an industrial city. Native Yadavas are also there. But the Yadavas of neighbouring districts have settled in Coimbatore in good numbers. They are having a separate organisatin called “Sri Krishna Yadava Seva Sangam” a registered body. It was registered in 1994. Shri Alagu Jayabalan, Proprietor of Alagu Pharmacy is the founder. Shri R. Kaderesan is the present president. They have already setup “Yadava Township” in Coimbatore with 100 plots and it is a great achievement. Shri Singa Iyalarasu is the editor in chief for the news bulletin “Yadava Murasu” releasing by this sangam.
SERVING IN DEFECNE FORCES
“Perumalthevanpatty – Little Hariyana of Tamilnadu”
A special mention has to be made about a Tamilnadu village – Perumalthevanpaty of Virudhunagar district. This village is commonly referred as “Little Hariyana”. The village is inhibited by Yadavas where one in every yadava family is serving in Defence Forces.
FAMOUS YADAV'S OF TAMILNADU
Veeran Azhagu Muthu Kone-Freedom Fighter
Ganja Karuppu-a Yadav actor from Tamil Nadu
B.R Damodaren-State President Samajwadi Party & State General Secretary of Yadav Mahasabha.
Mayor of Madras: Shri M Radhakrishna Pillai
Mayor of Madurai:Shri P. Kolandaichamy (1998)